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Polyps are benign growths of the lining of the womb. These tumors can occur at any age, but primarily affect women during or after menopause. They occur in the area of the vagina, the cervix or the uterus. Affected women can feel labor-like abdominal pain, vaginal discharge and bleeding. Often, polyps in the uterus are also completely symptom-free.
Changes in the uterine lining occur according to the monthly cycle: it builds up and down and is constantly stimulated by hormones. It can happen that it grows a bit too strong at one point. The result is a finger-shaped growth that sits like a small mushroom on a stalk. These growths are called polyps. Estrogens ensure that the polyps continue to grow.
Above a certain size, polyps in the uterus can cause infections, lead to heavy bleeding and, in the worst case, degenerate and lead to cancer. In these cases, the polyps should be removed. Sometimes, large polyps are sticking out of the uterus, interfering with intercourse, and causing bleeding afterward.
Polyps in the uterus can be eliminated in a minimal invasive procedure via the vagina. The doctor removes the proliferation using scissors or an electric sling. The removing with heat is also possible. Depending on where the polyp is sitting and how tall it is, the surgeon chooses one of the instruments. The procedure is performed on an outpatient basis.
The latest achievements of medical technology and high professional level of gynaecologists in Germany contribute to successful treatment of uterine polyps with no risks and preservation of reproductive function.
German gynaecologists point out that polyps, benign tumors and other uterine growths may dramatically reduce fertility capacities of a woman. Statistically only 5% of women with polyps are able to get pregnant.
Polyps consist of endometrium tissue and grow either on the walls of the uterus or beneath the mucosal covering. Polyps and benign tumors literally occupy place in the uterus, which has been reserved for an embryo. In pregnant patients, the polyps may lead to higher risk of miscarriages. Polyps outside the uterus may distort the cavity and block the fallopian tubes, which creates a mechanical obstacle for a fertilized egg.
Symptoms of uterine polyps
Whenever polyps cause symptoms they need to be removed. The troubling signs, which may imply that you have a polyp or benign tumor, are
- severe menstrual bleeding and bleeding between menstrual cycles
- no periods for 2-3 months
- weak bleedings during periods
- severe pain in the lower abdomen (not associated with the periods) or pain in the uterus
- painful sexual intercourse
- irregular periods
Menstrual flow disturbances result in excessive bleeding, associated with the growth of polyps and leading to anemia. If you suffer from frequent bleedings, it is advisable to see a fertility specialist to have a special diagnosis of polyps done.
Conservative treatment of polyps in the uterus
In Germany uterine polyps are successfully treated with modern medications. Conservative medical treatment of polyps and fibroids in the uterus is shown with a diameter of polyps or nodules up to 2 cm.
Among the most efficient medical substances, applied for conservative treatment of the polyps are synthetic agonists of gonadotropin-releasing hormone. By blocking the production and secretion of estrogen, these medical substances stop the development of the polyp cells and launch the shrinking process. Conservative treatment helps in regulating periods and alleviating pain as well as normalizes the amount of menstrual bleedings, but has contraceptive effect. For this reason it is not indicated in women, who want to get pregnant.
Safe extraction of polyps: Perfect precision of German surgery
The main advantage of the computer assisted surgery on the uterus, performed at German clinics, is the 100% guarantee of fertility function preservation. It reserves a chance for successful pregnancy and child bearing in future and helps to minimize risks. The higher precision is provided with the volumetric representation of abdominal organs on the computer monitor. The cutting-edge surgical systems guarantee that all the polyps will be identified and treated as soft, safe and precise as possible.
Minimally invasive “key hole” surgery for polyps extraction
German clinics offer the laparoscopic or endoscopic removal of uterine nodes or polyps. The surgery is performed through punctures made in the anterior abdominal wall. This intervention can save menstrual function and fertility of a patient and is absolutely safe. The laparoscopic extraction of polyps is characterized with the following benefits for a patient:
- low-traumatic techniques
- sparing effect: no risk of traumatizing the pelvic organs
- no pain and blood loss
- shorter periods of rehabilitation.
The procedure is performed under general anesthesia and lasts about 30 minutes to 2 hours. During the surgery simultaneous diagnosis is performed. Using an optical instrument, the physician evaluates the status of the internal walls of the uterus. Besides the tissue patterns of a polyp can be sent for histological examination to confirm or rule out the possibility of cancer.
Hysteroscopic myomectomy: Safer surgery techniques for better fertility!
The uterine fibroids and other benign tumors are removed with the help of a new technique called hysteroscopic myomectomy. Hysteroscopic myomectomy is a procedure for removing fibroids through a vaginal access. A flexible device is introduced into the uterus through the vagina and cervix. This device is equipped with fiber optics and a special surgical instrument in order to remove a tumor. Usually this procedure is performed on an outpatient basis in the first week of the menstrual cycle under local anesthesia or general anesthesia.
We will give you all the necessary information about the treatment of polyps, fibroids and other benign tumors as well as assist you in organizing your medical trip to Germany in a most secure and cost-effective way.