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Neurology deals with the diagnosis, therapy and rehabilitation of diseases of the nervous system. More than 100 billion nerve cells control our movement, our language, our thinking and feeling. The specialists in diseases or disorders of these complex processes are the neurologists. They treat diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's, epilepsy and multiple sclerosis, migraine and sleep disorders. They recognize when a blood clot in the brain makes a patient a medical emergency, a brain tumor is the cause of paralysis, or the hammering headache is more indicative of the type of tension or a migraine headache.
Over the past two decades, neurology has made great strides in patient care, diagnosis and therapy, such as the treatment of stroke or multiple sclerosis. Modern imaging techniques, the increasing exploration of the brain, the integration of neurology in emergency medicine and effective drugs against previously barely treatable diseases have turned neurology from a traditionally more diagnostic into an active, acting and therapeutic discipline of medicine. This process is far from over: the importance of neurology will continue to grow rapidly - which is why it is also referred to as the key medicine of the 21st century.
The discipline of neurology is also closely linked to psychiatry, although the specialist area of psychiatry is primarily responsible for the treatment of mental illness. Roughly speaking, neurology is more concerned with hardware, psychiatry more with software. There is still the neurologist (specialist in neurology), for which there is no further education, and who is responsible for both areas of expertise or was. Today, two full-blown disciplines with their own profile have emerged and there is the neurologist and the psychiatrist. However, both areas of expertise continue to work very closely together.