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Nephrology is a branch of internal medicine. It deals with the diseases and dysfunctions of the kidneys. The two bean-shaped organs are responsible for the detoxification of the body. They filter residues of metabolic and combustion processes from the blood and excrete them with the urine. If the kidneys are inadequate (kidney insufficiency), the whole body suffers.
Common diseases of the kidneys are:
Often, kidney dysfunction is the result of other diseases. For example, a kidney failure may be due to diabetes, because the abnormally high blood sugar damages the kidneys (diabetic nephropathy). High blood pressure, viral infections, toxins, and medications can also affect kidney work to develop kidney failure.
If the kidney filter performance is too low, regular blood dialysis will replace the work of the organs. The last option is a kidney transplant. This is prepared and maintained by nephrologists. The actual surgery will be carried out by transplantation physicians.
Depending on the clinical picture, nephrologists also work closely with other specialist colleagues, such as diabetologists in diabetic patients with kidney damage.
|Estimate Nephrology Treatment Costs|
|Surgery on the kidneys||from €9,000|
|Surgical kidney removal||from €12,500|
|Kidney tumor: surgical treatment||from €17,000|