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Diabetology is a branch of human medicine dealing with the prophylaxis, diagnosis, therapy and research of diabetes mellitus. Clinically, this field of specialization belongs to internal medicine. Furthermore, it can be counted to the internal part of endocrinology.
The central concern of diabetology is the detection, treatment and research of diabetes mellitus. The most important basic types of this disease are type 1 diabetes mellitus and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Furthermore, diabetology deals with gestational diabetes. The classification in the field of endocrinology is due to the fact that it is inseparably linked to diabetes insulin is a hormone. Since diabetes mellitus is a common disease that is often treated by the family doctor, more and more general practitioners specialize in this medical field. Diabetology organizes all matters relating to patient education, attitude to the drug or insulin plan, nutrition and other precautionary measures. She also deals with the diabetological sequelae such as:
- hyperglycemic shock
- hypoglycemic shock
- diabetic nephropathy
- diabetic foot syndrome
- diabetes induced polyneuropathy