Gallbladder Surgery

Dear visitors!

On this page you can choose the best doctors for Gallbladder Surgery in Germany and Austria. Our goal is to present you with the optimal selection of renowned doctors and their modern and gentle surgical and treatment methods when you are looking for specialists.

If you have any questions or want to book an appointment here with one of the doctors for Gallbladder Surgery, contact our support. We, the GermanMedicalGroup team, are at your disposal for all organizational questions.

Submit a request on German Medical Group website - our manager will give you all the info regarding a particular doctor or hospital. This consultation is FREE.

Together we choose the best specialist for your case. With German Medical Group you avoid waiting lists, get 24/7 support until your coming back home.

Follow these steps to choose the best doctor or clinic:

  1. Learn the info about doctors and clinics for Gallbladder Surgery LISTED BELOW.
  2. Submit a request on German Medical Group OR directly on chosen doctor specifying the purpose of the treatment.
  3. Our manager will call you back to book the chosen doctor or offer another one according to the diagnosis, health condition, and financial ability.
  4. If you approve the chosen doctor or clinic, our manager schedules the date of your arrival.

Our services do not affect the price for treatment procedures, you pay the bill right in the chosen clinic.

GermanMedicalGroup + 49 (7221) 39-65-785 Flugstrasse 8a
76532 Baden-Baden
The best treatment for painful gallstones is surgery to remove your gallbladder. A cholecystectomy is most commonly performed by inserting a tiny video camera and special surgical tools through four small incisions to see inside your abdomen and remove the gallbladder. 2020-03-12 Gallbladder Surgery
All you need to now about Gallbladder Surgery

Cholecystectomy, or gallbladder surgery, is one of the most common surgical invasions. When open surgery is performed, the gallbladder is removed via a big incision in abdomen. The aim of the operation is to eliminate discomfort connected to the gallstones appearing in a bladder.

The purpose of the gallbladder is to accumulate bile. The bile is needed to digest the fats, but bile can thickening and create the blockages, and there are some hard substances in the gall that are stay in gallbladder and became a base of growing gallstones. Gallstones cause the pain and, finally, become disturbing condition. They could cause infections and gallbladder attack.

Interventions on the gallbladder are among the most common operations in Germany. Around 175,000 women and men are operated on each year. The reason is usually that gallstones have caused complaints or complications. But they are often harmless; many people have gallstones without realizing it. If symptoms occur, they are faced with the question of whether they should only treat the symptoms or have surgery.

Gallstones arise from thickened bile. Up to one liter of bile is formed in the liver every day. It is important for the digestion of fats in the intestine. Most of the bile flows directly into the small intestine through the bile ducts after eating. The rest is stored and thickened in the gallbladder between meals. The gallbladder, a small pear-shaped hollow organ, is on the right side of the abdomen below the liver.

The operation to remove the gallbladder can in most cases be carried out gently using keyhole surgery. Nine out of ten patients are treated in this way. In this way, the instruments, camera lenses and light sources are guided into the inside of the body and operated there through significantly smaller incisions than in the “open procedure”. In principle, deaths from gallstones are extremely rare in Germany. The data fluctuate between 0.04 and 0.8 percent - in other words, one out of 2,000 operated patients dies on average as a result of the procedure. These are often high-risk patients, such as those with severe cardiovascular disease or pneumonia.

Common diseases of the gallbladder

Biliary atresia

In bile duct atresia, the bile ducts outside the liver are not properly formed before birth. The bile can not drain. Immediately after birth or a little later, the newborns get jaundice (jaundice). The bile flow can only be produced by surgically connecting a section of the intestine to the liver port. Often a liver transplant is necessary in the long term.


About 15% of women and 7.5% of men have gallstones. However, 75% of the gallstone carriers have no complaints. In the other gallstone carriers it comes more or less regularly to attack-like pain (colic), pressure or fullness in the upper abdomen, bloating and other complaints. Gallstones can cause the gall bladder to become inflamed, break a stone in the intestines or abdominal cavity, or cause a stone to "slip" into the common bile duct and block the bile duct into the duodenum, leading to jaundice, the biliary tract or the pancreas may become inflamed (cholangitis, pancreatitis) or an abscess may form in the liver Gallstones can be treated with medication, and the gallbladder is removed in an operation (cholecystectomy).

Inflammation of the gallbladder

Inflammation of the gallbladder can be acute or chronic. If the disease is not detected or treated in time, pus may accumulate in the gallbladder.

Because the gall bladder is close to the duodenum and the colon, inflammation of the gallbladder can cause the gallbladder to grow together with the intestinal wall and form a connection between the gallbladder and large intestine (fistula).

Inflammation of the bile duct

An inflammation of the bile ducts can be caused by blockages of the biliary tract by gallstones, by malignant tumors of the pancreas (pancreatic carcinoma) or by infection with bacteria, viruses or parasites.

Tumors of the gallbladder

Gallbladder and bile duct tumors can cause extrahepatic bile duct obstruction. Symptoms may be completely absent, but are often constitutional or reflect a bile duct obstruction. The diagnosis is based on the presentation of the bile ducts with ultrasound plus computed tomography, MRCP or ERCP. The prognosis is bad. Mechanical bile drainage can often relieve itching and prevent recurrent cholangitis.

Cholangiocarcinomas and other bile duct tumors are rare (1-2 / 100,000 individuals). Benign tumors of the biliary tract are very rare. Cholangiocarcinomas occur in the majority in the extrahepatic bile ducts: 60-70% in the hilum area (so-called Klatskin's tumor), about 25% in the distal ducts and the remainder in the liver. Risk factors include PSC, older age, liver fluence and choledochal cyst.

Gallbladder carcinomas are rare (2.5 / 100,000 people). It is more common in North American Indians, in patients with large gallstones (> 3 cm), and in patients with severe gallbladder calcification due to chronic cholecystitis (porcine gallbladder). Almost all (70 to 90%) of the patients also have gallstones. The median survival is three months. Healing is possible if the cancer is detected early (eg accidentally in a cholecystectomy).

Gallbladder polyps are usually asymptomatic benign mucosal linings that bulge into the lumen of the gallbladder. Most have a diameter more then 10 mm and consist of cholesterol ester and triglycerides. They are found in about 5% of people during an ultrasound scan. Other, less common, benign polyps are adenomas and inflammatory polyps. Small gallbladder polyps are incidental findings that do not require treatment.

Symptoms and complaints

In most patients with cholangiocarcinoma, the condition is manifested by the appearance of itching and painless occlusion, typically between the ages of 50 and 70 years. Early perihilar tumors cause only vague abdominal pain, anorexia and weight loss. Other signs may include fatigue, an acholeic stool, a palpable mass in the abdomen, a hepatomegaly or a gallbladder hydrops (Courvoisier sign in distal cholangiocarcinoma). Pain can be similar to biliary colic (as a manifestation of occlusion) or constant and progressive. Sepsis (as a result of acute cholangitis), although uncommon, can be triggered by an ERCP.

Manifestations of gallbladder carcinoma range from accidental detection in cholecystectomy performed to alleviate biliary pain, to cholelithiasis to advanced disease with persistent pain, weight loss and a palpable abdominal tumor or obstructive jaundice.

Most gallbladder polyps do not cause symptoms.


The suspicion of cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder carcinoma is due to unclear extrahepatic obstruction. The laboratory tests reflect the degree of cholestasis. In patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis, serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and CA19-9 are routinely used to detect bile duct carcinoma.

The diagnosis is based on ultrasound examination (or endoscopic ultrasound examination), followed by CT cholangiography or magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) (liver and gallbladder imaging). CT is sometimes performed, it can give more information than sonography, especially in gall bladder carcinomas. If these methods do not provide a reliable result, ERCP will be required. The ERCP can not only image the tumor, but can also make a cytologic diagnosis with brush swabs so that sometimes an ultrasound or CT-guided needle biopsy becomes unnecessary. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography can be used for staging.

An open laparotomy is performed to determine the extent of the tumor, which then determines the further therapeutic procedure.


Hilary cholangiocarcinomas, which show further spread in imaging, are supplied by PTC or ERCP through a stent. Cholangiocarcinomas in the distal duct are endoscopically supplied with a stent by ERCP. If there is a suspicion of localized cholangiocarcinoma, surgical exploration determines possible resectability through hilar resection or Whipple pancreatic ductectomy. However, a successful resection is often not possible.

A liver transplant is not indicated because of the high recurrence rate. Efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy for cholangiocarcinoma has not been proven to date.

The majority of gallbladder carcinomas are treated symptomatically.

Gallbladder Attack

Gall bladder attack is a sudden acute pain, which is spreading in the right shoulder blade area. Sometimes this condition could worsen with the symptoms of acute cholecystitis as fever, nausea, vomiting. The other symptoms are:

To avoid those unpleasant effects, a removing of the gallbladder together with the stones are performed. There are also some other causes of removing of the gallbladder.

Indications to Cholecystectomy are:

The Types of Gallbladder Surgery

There are two main techniques to treat the gallbladder:

It is approximately 5-10 % when open rather than laparoscopic surgery for gallbladder is required. It is often performed in a complex treatment or when there are other complications, as inflammation, bleeding, and injury.

The laparoscopy is preferable always when possible but classical method through the big abdominal incision is also used.

Laparoscopic Surgery of Gallbladder

Development and implementation of laparascopic cholecystectomy is a milestone event in the sphere of gallbladder surgery, particularly in treatment of stones. Over a few years, laparascopic surgery gained recognition among the community of surgeons, and today the procedure is successfully incorporated in many German clinics.

Laparascopic cholecystectomy boasts a number of advantages versus laparotomy (involving dissection of the abdomen), such as shorter stays in hospital, lower risk of post-surgery aggravations and quick rehabilitation. Besides, laparoscopic gallbladder surgery has aesthetic benefits, since small incisions leave only minor scars.

It should be noted, however, that laparascopic cholecystectomy is a complex surgery that requires pinpoint accuracy and expertise in the topographic anatomy of the area and high-precision image-guided laparoscopic manipulation.

Laparoscopy indications are the same as laparotomy indications, since both pursue the universal goal of gallbladder removal. Chronic calculous cholecystitis is the key indication, and neither size nor number of concrements (gallstones), nor the length of the disease, should be regarded as major factors in choosing between traditional laparotomic and laparoscopic surgery.


Contraindications for laparoscopic cholecystectomy

General contraindications include diseases and conditions, which put the necessity of laparoscopic examination or operation to doubt in cases whereby they can cause serious aggravations, such as:

Local contraindications can be revealed both prior to and during a laparoscopic examination or surgery:

Laparoscopy requires a thorough clinical examination, which should be as extensive as those performed prior to traditional gallbladder surgeries. Ultrasonic test is mandatory as long as it appears to be the most effective cholecystholithiasis diagnostic method.

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy stages

Laparoscopic surgery comprises several phases:

Post-operational Period

It takes about a week or more to return to the normal activities, maybe, less for patients who had laparoscopy. There is no special diet.

During a several months after cholecystectomy the patient could experience the old signs as gallbladder is still there. It is a paradox, but you should have the same symptomatic treatment as before when having gallbladder attack. How is it possible? It easily could mean that the stones are still presented but now in a bile duct, that is called choledocolithiasis. Treatment of this condition could be done with endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography.

Side Effects and Complications

With removing the gallbladder the problem of the bile stones is not removed, as it is could appear in liver and bile duct.

The regulation of bile is impaired, sometimes you could have too little bile produces or, opposite, is too much, which is harder to control.

There are some other effects, but the main thing is that you should think enough before having gallbladder removal, as the same signs could be a result if different diseases and getting cholecystectomy you might have all the problems again but without gallbladder.

For successful treatment, it is very important to choose a right place for the procedure, where you could have complete examining with a specialist. The many German hospitals have specializes liver centers which treats with the problems of the liver, bile ducts, gallbladder using the comprehensive methods. The precise diagnostic is a base of the correct treatment, sometime it is difficult to make a choice between surgery and non-surgical methods. If you have some doubts, please apply for a consultation in one of the clinics in Germany.

How is life without a gallbladder?

The removal of the gallbladder has no significant effect on the production of bile, which is still available for digestion. Is the gallbladder an unnecessary organ?

Definitely not! The gallbladder itself is not responsible for the production, but serves as a sort of container for the liquid. If this is not enough, it will not be possible to deliver a large amount to the small intestine, but only the amount that the liver can produce.

As a result, the supporting function of digestion is restricted to a certain extent.

Specifically, this means:

If a particular, often flatulent food is not tolerated, this manifests itself some time after the operation through complaints such as flatulence, abdominal pain or diarrhea. The technical term for this is Postcholezystektomiesyndrom (post = after, chole = bile, cyst = bladder, ectomy = distance, syndrome = symptom complex).

Choose a Doctor for Gallbladder Surgery

Latest News in Gallbladder Surgery

Gallbladder Surgery: Klinikum Nürnberg Nord wins the NZ-Klinikcheck


Which hospital is the best when the gallbladder needs to get out? Where is the breast cancer surgery particularly good? In its large hospital check, the Nürnberger Zeitung compares the treatment quality of the hospitals in Nuremberg and the region.

Galleinsteine ​​are actually harmless. Three quarters of all patients do not even realize that they have any. Every tenth man and even every fifth woman is affected. "Only when gallstones begin to migrate, then it becomes dangerous," says Prof. Dr. med. Stein, Head of the Department of General, Visceral and Thoracic Surgery at the Nuremberg Clinic North. Every year, more than 700 gallbladders are removed, making the hospital third in Germany. "We all have a lot of experience with this procedure," says Stein. That's why his team is doing very well in this - and is at the top of the podium in this year's ranking of the big NZ clinic check.

For the third episode this year, health managers have evaluated 29 clinics in the region that are removing the gallbladder. Second place is followed by the Hallerwiese clinic in Nuremberg, followed by the Anreiomed Klinik Ansbach in third place. The Google Map below shows all the ranks of houses.

Dr. Hubert Stein strongly recommends visiting the doctor for severe pain in the right upper abdomen, colic, feeling of fullness and nausea. These are typical symptoms of gallstone disease. In the ultrasound, the culprits are then usually easy to recognize and with four small cuts, the gallbladder can be removed minimally invasive. Patients can get up and eat again the evening after the operation.

This happens during a gallbladder operation


Previously, gallbladder removal required a long incision on the abdomen. Today, the procedure is performed much gentler thanks to keyhole technology. The doctors follow their procedure on the monitor. We were at the surgery.

Minimally invasive cholecystectomy is the name of the following intervention in the jargon. Translated: Gall bladder removal by keyhole technique. Where previously a long abdominal incision was needed to get inside the patient.

About every fifth German has gallstones, but many do not know about it. Stern was seeing surgeons removing the gallbladder with state-of-the-art camera technology and minimal incisions. Because in about a quarter of the affected gallstones make problems at some point.

Professor Christian Müller shows the procedure. At the beginning, the doctor cuts the patient's abdomen with tiny slices. Then he fills it with one and a half liters of carbon dioxide. So he has more space and a better view. Müller uses metal tubes to get inside the patient. Through this he pushes a camera and instruments into the abdominal cavity. Trocars are called these tubes in the jargon.

Müller and his assistant only look at screens during surgery. Millimeter by millimeter uncover it. Müller uses a hook electrode for this purpose. This is a metal rod that cuts through tissue by means of electricity. Blood vessels and bile ducts must not be injured.

It takes almost half an hour before the surgeon asks the surgical nurse for the so-called rescue bag. These plastic bags push the doctors through one of the trocars into the stomach. Then they inhale the gallbladder and pull out the sac with the organ again. The stones are examined, the bladder passed on to the pathology.

Medical professionals recommend a healthy body weight and exercise to prevent gallstones. If the stones are already diagnosed, Professor Müller advises not to delay an operation for long.

Patient Comments

Write down your comments in this application form!


Your name:

Go to Top
Callback Service
Call Back Service