The phenomenon of the red, "burst" veins in the face is called in medicine Couperose. Some experts see the problem as one case in dermatology, the others even as a case of cardiology. It meets fair-skinned women with reddish and blond hair rather than dark-skinned women. Incidentally, the red, branched capillaries that can be seen in the face only look as though they have burst. They have lost their ability to contract and are almost constantly overstretched.
In the case of the couperose it comes thereby to a vascular dilation in the face. Couperose is a term that comes from the French. The translation for it is: copper rose or copper fin. Red veins occur mainly in women - usually from the age of 30 years.
When it comes to couperose, usually the term Rosacea will appear. Couperose is a precursor of rosacea. However, those who suffer from couperose, must not necessarily get the chronic rosacea. However, those who have to contend with rosacea, has already lived through the pre-stage of this disease with the couperose.
Compared to couperose, which is usually associated with conspicuous redness and skin irritation, the appearance of rosacea in its expression is significantly stronger. Inflammatory pustules and relatively large patches can form, as well as the so-called bulbous nose.
This appearance is especially common in men. As a result, surgery can be useful and necessary. Compared to couperose, rosacea is a more severe and inflammatory skin disease that needs to be treated in any case - often with antibiotics.
In most cases, adults develop couperose. But even children can be affected. In these cases, inflammation of the eyelid often occurs. A visual impairment can be the result.
In rosacea patients, the symptoms are mainly in the form of redness on the face. These usually occur in the area of the cheeks and nose. Relatively pronounced are these visible veins, which shimmer bluish or reddish through the skin. The jargon refers to so-called telangiectasias.
In rarer cases, the red veins also appear on the neck or in the décolleté. Other symptoms include a mostly sensitive skin, which also tends to be tense and dry.
If you do not want to accept the veins, you can have them laser-cut. The procedure is performed in one to several sessions depending on the extent of couperose. However, the costs (between 100 and 300 €) usually have to be borne by yourself. It is important that the dermatologist has experience with the laser, as otherwise an uneven skin appearance may occur. Treatment in the cold season promises greater success. This is related to the vessels. In summer or in warmer temperatures, these are widened significantly.
Basically, the method of laser treatment in the control and treatment of couperose is considered established and proven. But how does the process work?
Since in a couperose the veins are dilated, they are obliterated during the laser treatment. The light from the laser causes the red blood cells to heat up and begin to clot. Now it's about destroying the veins. So they no longer seem through the facial skin.
Who deals with the topic of laser treatment, should weigh the pros and cons of this method for themselves. The good chances of success often encourage patients to choose this path. On the one hand, this method is considered to be relatively painless, yet patients repeatedly report unpleasant stings.
Ultimately play in this regard, the individual skin condition or the pain sensation a crucial role. After a session, the skin is usually red. Even a swelling of the skin, which usually decreases after a short time but again, is possible.
Whether a laser treatment carries risks of scarring, about the experts are not in principle agree. After treatment, the skin may be extremely sensitive to sunlight. The chances of success of a laser treatment are fundamentally positively evaluated. Since the couperose can not be completely cured, it may be necessary to continue laser treatment even after several weeks.