Nose bumps, crooked noses, flat noses or large nostrils can cause a high level of personal suffering. Because the nose characterizes by its prominent position significantly the aesthetic effect of the face. Since 1200 BC Chronic surgery on the nose belong to the field of plastic-aesthetic surgery. The surgical methods available today are answered by the German Society of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons (DGPRÄC) in their expert chat.
Nasal shape deformations often occur together with disturbed respiratory functions during nose surgery. Often, patients with nasal breathing problems decide to undergo an aesthetic nose correction at the same time. In half of the cases, an aesthetic procedure without a correction of the respiratory function is not possible. For example, crooked noses are almost always accompanied or caused by a misalignment of the nasal septum, which can also hinder nasal breathing. Therefore, in these cases, the straightening of the nasal septum is required in order to make even the outer nose straight.
To change the shape of the nose, the skin and mucous membranes are temporarily detached from the cartilage and skeleton. While in the past the operation was mostly performed from the inside of the nose, today the so-called "open rhinoplasty" has become established. This means that a small cut is made between the nostrils and the nose is "unfolded". As a result, the structures can be better assessed and the changes made much more precise. With special mini-instruments (eg hammer, chisel, scalpel), the excess bone and cartilage framework can then be removed and the nose narrowed, a nose too long shortened or the tip of the nose reshaped with a hump nose. With saddle noses it is necessary to build up the bridge of the nose, which should be done if possible by the body's own material (eg cartilage from the nasal septum).