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In Parkinson's disease, certain nerve cells die in the brain. Patients can only slow down and their muscles become stiff. Arms and legs begin to tremble in peace. Many patients also have problems thinking and become demented.
The Parkinson's disease symptoms usually develop slowly. Relatives and friends often catch them earlier than the patient.
Most Parkinson's symptoms begin one-sided, that is, on only one side of the body. Later, they spread to the other side. In the course of the disease, they are also becoming more pronounced.
Physicians also classify Parkinson's disease as primary or idiopathic Parkinson's syndrome (IPS). "Idiopathic" means that no tangible cause for the disease can be found. This "real" Parkinson's makes up about 75 percent of Parkinson's syndromes. He is in the focus of this text. This should be distinguished from the rare genetic forms of Parkinson's, the "secondary Parkinson's syndrome" and the "Atypical Parkinson's syndrome". They will be briefly described below.
If a family member is suffering from Parkinson's disease, this unsettles many relatives. You wonder if Parkinson's is inheritable. In the vast majority of cases, however, Parkinson's is the idiopathic Parkinson's disease described above. Inheritance is not an issue in this sporadic disease form, experts believe.
Parkinson's therapy is individually adapted to each patient. Because the disease symptoms can vary from person to person and progress at different rates.
Parkinson's is usually treated with medication, although mild symptoms may sometimes require no therapy at first. Which active ingredients are used depends primarily on the age of the patient. Sometimes a neurosurgical procedure can be useful - the so-called Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS).
In addition to medical and possibly surgical measures, the individual Parkinson's treatment may include other building blocks. These include, for example, physiotherapy, speech therapy and occupational therapy. It makes sense in any case, to be treated in a special Parkinson's clinic.