Androgenic Hair Loss in Women
Androgenic hair loss in women is a disease of genetic origin. At the heart of genetic predisposition to hair loss in women is the action of the male hormone testosterone that converts into dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in hair follicles, which negatively affects the vessels supplying follicle cells with nutrients.
Bring to mind that the male hormone promotes the synthesis of proteins and the growth of muscle mass. In men, the amount of testosterone in the body is significantly greater than that in women, so the probability of genetic pathologies leading to synthesis of DHT, an aggressive form of testosterone that contributes to hair loss, is much higher in men. Female pattern alopecia is not so common, but, therefore,much more disturbing than male pattern hair loss. Androgenic alopecia causes significant harm to the psycho-emotional state of women, which considerably increases the importance of effective treatment of female pattern hair loss.
Hair loss rate: What is normal?
There are from 16 up to 90 thousand units of hair on the head of a woman. Each single hair has a hair bulb (a follicle) with the life up to 6 years. The process of hair loss is a completely natural phenomenon. The norm is when from 50 to 100 hairs fall out every day. This quantity is always timely replaced with new and healthy hair bulbs.
It is not easy to calculate how many hairs you lose daily, but there are some ways to find out the signs of baldness with the help of a local test. If you pull the ends of hair with fingers, in the area where alopecia is supposed to be, and after that there are more than five hairs between your fingers, then, most likely, you have excessive hair loss that may lead to baldness.
Even if you do not have any other signs of hair loss on your head, consult a trichologist. At an earlier stage of development, alopecia is treated easily and in a short time.
It is good to know, that the risks of androgenic alopecia in women are assessed through clinical tests in which of the following hormones levels are measured:
- Luteinizing hormone
- Follicle-stimulating hormone
Hairstyles for women with androgenetic alopecia
Before going into details on the peculiarities of female hereditary alopecia, we will touch on the topic how to hide from the surrounding people the signs of the hair loss. After all, the results of effective treatment, objectively, are never reached immediately.
The short and pixie haircuts with a multidirectional crown are most optimal. Such haircuts will not only hide the thinning of hair, but also allow you to comfortably massage masks into your hair and other medicines to combat the signs of baldness.
Androgenic alopecia in women is the scourge of the XXI century
According to statistics, over the past 5 years, the risk of androgenic alopecia in women has increased by 20%. Female hereditary alopecia rarely locates in a single area of the head and, often, develops in all directionsevenly.
In women, the rate of accumulation of dihydrotestosterone,as a rule, is lower than in men, and for this reason, signs of advanced hairthinning, such as parting and round bald spots are not foundbeforethe turn of 50 years.
Complete baldness in women does not happen often, so what is understood under female androgenic alopecia is a miniaturization of the hair follicles that leads to thinning and shortening of the hair.
Three stages of hair loss
Like the most of pathological changes in the body, female genetic baldness can be divided into a few successive stages.
Stage1. Hair becomes thinner, weaker and shorter.
Stage 2. You can observe a miniaturization of follicles. As a result, strands are falling and going thin.
Stage 3. Hair loss affects the frontal and parietal regions. Thick hair remains only in the edge areas.
Treatment of androgenic alopecia
Treatment of androgenic alopecia includes a professional examination by a trichologist, revealing underlying factors, and elimination of the causes of disease. Although female androgenic alopecia has the only one pattern of development, it can be caused by a number of factors, with some particularly dangerous among them, such as:
- Pituitary gland diseases
- Adrenal gland disorders
- Neoplasms leading to hormonal disorders
If any systemdisordersare identified, the patient may need additional examinations and receive treatment not from atrichologist, but doctors of other medical specializations.
If there are no severe disorders, thetrichologist may prescribe medications containing minoxidil. Drugs that block the production of 5-alpha-reductasein hair follicles are also popular. 5-alpha-reductaseis an enzyme involved in the process of converting testosterone into dihydrotestosterone believed to disruptproper nutrition of hair follicles.
Comprehensive treatment of androgenic baldness includes also a vitamin constituent based on an intake of vitamins of groups B6, B12, as well as iron and zinc.
Solve the problem of androgenic alopecia in Germany
In the trichological centers of Germany and Austria,not only an individual program for each patient to treat female androgenic alopecia is developed, but also is offered galvanic peeling, vacuum and manual massage, mesotherapy, microcurrent therapy, ionophoresis, and ultrasound phonophoresis.
When medication does not help, experts in the treatment of alopecia suggestrestoration of hair with seamless hair transplantation that excludes trauma to the scalp. For an appointment and examination in Germany, contact a doctor through the German Medical Group website. We will help you find your clinic!
Diffuse Hair Loss in Women
Diffuse hair loss affects women much more often than men, so you should take measures at the very first signs. Physiological factors often underlay this type of alopecia, which includes:
- Body response to unfavorable weather conditions
- Lack of vitamins and minerals
- Chronic stress
- Body changes after pregnancy and birth giving.
With diffuse alopecia, the hair falls out from the roots when the follicles are at the resting stage. As a result, when combing, you can notice losingmore than normal amount of the hair, which can be accompanied byhair thinning, brittleness, and loss of pigmentation.
Quite often, diffuse hair loss in a woman iscomorbid withseborrheic dermatitis, acne, and menstrual disruptions.
Trichologists still don’t understand completely theetiology of diffuse hair loss. Whilst with patchy or scarring alopecia, it is supposed to be organic changes in hair follicles, in case of diffuse pattern alopecia, we find only a disruption in the cycles of hair growth.
Note that diffuse alopecia and androgenic alopecia are completely different. The latter assumes an excessive content of androgens in the scalp tissues, and, as a rule, it affects mainly the occipital and frontal areas, whereas with the diffuse form there is nothing like this.
How to treat female diffuse alopecia?
In German clinics, for the cure of diffuse alopecia, using of pathophysiologic aspects is widely practiced to alterpathogenetic processes and stimulate follicles. For this purpose, medication to affect accumulation of potassium in cells – which leads to metabolic improvement within hair follicles –is used, as well as vitamin complexes to prevent the deficit of “building blocks” inside the follicles.
Natural vitamins are preferable, such as natural form vitamin E containingtocopherols and natural vitamin C containing bioflavonoids. Other recommended groups of vitamins are PP, A, B6, B1, and B1, as well as minerals: zinc, calcium, amino acids, and orotic acid.
Among the procedures used to treat diffuse alopecia, it is worth to note:
- D'Arsonval high frequency therapy
- Ozokerite therapy
- Head massage
- Ultrasound therapy
Minoxidil, Tricomin and Follicen
These three medications for treatment of diffuse alopecia in women deserve a particular attention. Minoxidil acts as a stimulator of hair growth. The drug improves membrane permeability of cells, which allows opening potassium channels and activating biochemical reactions.
The maximal effect oftreatment with Minoxidil can be reached in younger patients. The best results are ever shown were in the treatment of alopecia in females.
The disadvantage of Minoxidilis withdrawal syndrome, when, after discontinuation, biochemical reactions in cells return to the initial level.
Note that Minoxidil not only treats diffuse alopecia, but,having a positive impactto healthy hair bulbs,can be usedfor prevention.
Tricomin and Follicen serve as stimulants in the treatment of diffuse alopecia. They are most effective in comprehensive treatment.
Adjusting the diet and improvingpsycho-emotional state are essentialelements of treatment
The root causes of diffuse alopecia in women areoften stress and lack of nutrients. It is reasonable to exclude from your diet coffee and alcohol and increase the amount of cereals, seafood, and liver. It is important to pay attention to natural vitamin complexes that the Rosa caninaand some other products include. If a patient is under constant stress, then a course of sedatives can be an option to relieve the tension.
But don’t forget that the firststep in successful cure for of diffuse alopecia is always the same: to see an experienced trichologist who can develop a complex treatment plan for you, exclude health-threatening factors affecting the growth of hair and guarantee a positive result.