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Named the Whipple operation after the American surgeon Allen Whipple, who has contributed significantly to the development of this process. The German surgeon Walther Kausch also played a large part in the reason why the operation was also referred to Kausch-Whipple.
The Whipple operation is used for various pathological changes of the pancreatic head or surrounding structures. These include malignant neoplasms (carcinomas), inflammation or occlusions. The "pancreatic head" refers to the thick, right third of the pancreas, which is close to the duodenum and a part of the bile duct.
The most common reason for a whipple operation is pancreatic cancer, which usually originates from the head of the organ. It is an extremely aggressive disease. The tumor grows quickly and spreads early on lymphatic and blood vessels in the surrounding organs. Therefore, it is important to operate on a large scale in order to remove a possible spread of the cancer with.
The operation is divided into resection, ie the removal of the organs and the reconstruction, the restoration of the gastrointestinal passage. The major procedure takes about five to six hours and is performed under general anesthesia.