Chemical, or caustic, burns occur as a result of the contact of body tissues with such chemicals as bases (alkaline substances), solvents or acids that can cause damage to the skin, mucous membranes, eyes, muscles or, if chemicals were swallowed, internal organs. Most of the chemical burns are subject for emergency care because even small, at first sight, burns can cause greater damage than it may seem, as some of them are able to penetrate deeper into the tissues and can be evident only eventually.
The classification of chemical burns based on the depth is nearly the same as for thermal burns:
Chemical burns can be caused by direct contact of the skin with the chemical, inhaling evaporation and swallowing of the substance causing the burn. Severity of chemical burns depends on many factors, such as:
Depending on the type of chemicals and way of exposure, the signs and symptoms of chemical burns can be different. The most common symptoms in the affected area include:
If case of swallowing the chemical, you may have the following symptoms:
If you have swallowed the chemicals and have any the above symptoms, you should immediately turn to Emergency, as some of the conditions can be life threatening.
In case of you or other person were exposed to chemicals causing the burn, immediate first aid is needed. If significant damage to the tissues is supposed, first, you should call to Emergency and, then, take measures that include the following:
In case of swallowing of chemicals:
Today, not many people die of chemical burns if have received timely and qualified medical assistance. Most of the chemical burns occur to the face, eyes, arms, hands and legs. Minor injuries normally do not cause noticeable marks, but severe chemical burns could lead to serious damages to the tissues and muscles, including:
There are also some psychological issues that with chemical burns may experience in long-term perspective, especially, in relation to permanent changes of appearance or limb functionality:
Happily, the modern plastic surgery can help a lot to people disfigured or lost some abilities in result of chemical burns. Reconstructive plastic surgery may be an option both for restoring limited abilities and improving appearance.
Plastic surgery is the last stage in rehabilitation after a severe chemical burn that caused leaving unattractive scars or completely disfigured face. Often, it needs many stages and goes together with psychological assistance.
Cosmetic surgery clinics in Germany offer a wide range of services including step-by-step reconstruction and reshaping of the tissues damaged by injuries. The procedures following the chemical burn immediate treatment may include:
German Medical Group (GMG) offers you not only the possibility to find a plastic surgery clinic in Germany, but we also help you to settle all the necessary formalities with clinics, organize your trip and book accommodation. All what you need is send an inquiry describing your problem and we will suggest you the best clinic and the best doctor in the field you are interested. Contact us to have full range service in organizing your treatment in Germany.