Fibrous tissue is a type of connective tissue that consists of elastic, stretching fibers and contains a large amount of collagen. Due to chronic inflammation the body tissues can be replaced with fibrous tissue. This condition is called fibrosis and causes the loss of organ's functions. One of the most dangerous types of fibrosis is pulmonary fibrosis.
Following long pathogenic influence can trigger the replacement of lung tissues with fibrous excrescence:
- Work in chemical production
- Rheumatoid arthritis
The prevention of lung fibrosis consists of the treatment of the above mentioned diseases, smoking cessation and stopping other unhealthy habits.
- Hemoptysis (coughing up of blood)
- Changes in the shape of nails and fingers
- Swelling of legs
- Prompt fatigability
Lung fibrosis can have an acute and a chronic form. In contrast to its chronic form, acute fibrosis occurs relatively rarely and lasts for 2-3 weeks. The chronic form of fibrosis develops gradually. Doctors distinguish between three stages of fibrosis, depending on the grade of lesions of lung tissues:
- Pneumofibrosis is a local growth of fibrous tissue.
- Sclerosis. In this case the fibrous tissues occupy a significant part of the lung, a pulmonary consolidation takes place. At this stage, the root fibrosis — the lesion of the roots of the lung — often develops.
- Cirrhosis. In this case the lung tissue is completely replaced by fibrous tissue, the organ does not perform its functions. Nearby vessels and bronchi get damaged.
In the bilateral cirrhosis of the lungs, the person dies from respiratory or heart failure or thromboembolism. This disease increases the risk of cancer formation by 14 times, which can cause death even on early stages of fibrosis.
Treatment of fibrosis on the early stages is combined of drug therapy and oxygen inhalation. In case of large fibroblast foci doctors remove of the damaged part of the lung. If fibrosis has developed into the stage of cirrhosis, the only treatment option is lung transplantation. Adequate and timely treatment can guarantee the patients normal life expectancy.
German Medical Group is an aggregator of clinics, bringing together more than 150 European medical. The company can help you get the medical services in leading German clinics:
Bad Berka Clinic
The clinic is among the best German hospitals according to the FOCUS magazine rating in 2017. The Pulmonology Department of the Bad Berka Clinic has all the necessary technical and human resources for the treatment of any types of lung diseases, including fibrosis.
Düren Medical Center
The center specializes in thoracic surgery and can perform the most complex lung surgeries, including transplantation. The center is characterized by the active use of minimally invasive and non-traumatizing interventions, which reduces patient recovery time.
The clinic has a furnished and fully equipped Department of Thoracic Surgery, which has been annually conducting thousands of lung surgeries for 25 years.
German Medical Group provides its services without intermediaries: you do not need to overpay for the treatment. Thank to cooperation with clinics we can organize on-line consultations with German doctors and assist patients with paperwork. German Medical Group consultants will help you choose the right clinic and provide you with interpreting services.