Hard physical load, sports, traumas and accidents can hurt knee ligaments considerably. German clinics help patients with tear of cruciate ligaments of knee and performs diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation on a daily basis. Pretty often, professional sportsmen face this problem, because active workouts before competitions make muscles and joints overextend. People whose work is connected with heavy lifting and active physical loads are also under risk.
The tear of the front or back cruciate ligaments can also take place when a person suddenly turns its hip without moving the foot or shin in the same direction. German doctors also treat patient who started having problems after a strong blow on the leg from the back or front side. Jumping from heights with your feet fixed can be another reason for the problem, especially when a person touches the ground with straight legs.
According to analyses of German doctors’ statistics, tear of cruciate ligaments of knee is most often met in women – it’s connected with anatomical peculiarities.
Factors that increase the risk of meniscus and knee cruciate ligaments tearing are:
Pathologies connected with dysmorphology of knee joint often cause pains in people whose lives are connected with sports. Depending on the level of trauma, there can be partial or total tear of cruciate ligaments of knee. The outcomes after falls and tears can be eliminated with conservative methods, if a person seeks for medical help in time, and there are no complications. Doctors distinguish back and front knee ligaments – tears and treatment are different in both cases. The back ligament doesn’t let shin bend backwards. Tear of the front knee joint ligament happens more often – it bears a higher load. Operations to treat both problems are made in any German clinic.
What are the symptoms that require immediate treatment of knee cruciate ligaments tearing?
- total or partial knee dysfunction that spoils stability, because the joint has incorrect position;
- swelling in the area of knee joint and strong pains;
- absence of load on the damaged leg.
Specialists in German clinics perform diagnostics, treatment and surgeries for knee cruciate ligaments tearing. First, our patients go through magnetic resonance tomography and arthroscopy to get detailed information about the inner organs. If joints are damaged, normal blood flow to it is obstructed, and hemarthrosis starts developing. Treatment of knee cruciate ligaments tearing with balms and unorthodox methods is dangerous and non-efficient – a person can become disabled.
Anatomic peculiarities often pose risks of problems with knees. Strengthening of hip muscles, the angle of connection between hip and shin, and the size of intercondyloid fossa degine the risk of disease progression. Another crucial aspect is endocrine profile and hip deflate rate – they also affect joint health. Total tear of cruciate ligaments can be treated with a surgery only, while partial tear of cruciate ligaments can be treated with conservative methods.
Treatment and surgery on cruciate ligaments
There are two types of approaches: conservative and surgical. Surgery is not always necessary. The doctor should gather all possible medical information about his patient:
- physical load volume;
- general health;
- overall state of knee joint;
- MRT and CT of knee joint show peculiarities and problems, as well.
Only after that a doctor can make a certain decision and choose treatment methods.
It should be noted that ligaments not always tear in case of injury. It often doesn’t happen in elderly people who are not prone to high physical loads. In this case, our doctors can elaborate individual pain management plans and therapies. Conservative treatment presupposes using anti-inflammatory drugs, cooling compresses and having enough rest. Possible methods may also include physical therapy and remedial gymnastics.
The main aim of remedial gymnastics is to strengthen popliteal muscles and the quadriceps muscle of thigh which are responsible for keeping the knee stable. Note that it’s crucial to get in-time treatment after partial or total ligament tear: long-lasting knee instability can trigger development of another serious disease – arthritis.
If hemarthrosis (bleeding in joints) takes place, an orthopedist will pump off collected fluid from the joint.
In some cases, a doctor can prescribe foot orthoses for knee joints.
Replacement of cruciate ligaments is made during an endoscopic operation: all manipulations are controlled with the help of display. Such method allows to shorten recovery period after the surgery, and it’s preferable from aesthetic standpoint, because almost no scars are left on the skin. Such operation lasts for 60-90 minutes.
To replace cruciate ligaments, surgeons typically use patient’s tissues, for instance, tendons. A joint is formed from tendons: it will be installed on the place of damaged joint. After performing the operation, surgeon fixes the leg with a splint and knee bandage to protect the new joint from high loads. Bandage should be worn for 2 weeks.