Knee surgery is one of the most demanded procedures among orthopedic operations. There are many reasons why your knee ceased functioning normally and depending on them you may need different treatment. Specialized orthopedic and trauma centers in Germany offer to their patients various interventional and non invasive methods depending on kind and degree of disease or traumatic condition.
Arthritis is a main enemy of the joints. If you open Medical Encyclopedia you can find a few dozen of types of the disease. Osteoarthritis and rheumatic arthritis are the most common of them causing degenerative changes of the joints.
Osteoarthritis is a condition when cartilage, which is natural damper of our joints, wears out and reduces in sizes causing the bones rubbing against each other, which produces pain, swelling and stiffness. If you have knee osteoarthritis you may experience continuous pain when moving, climbing stairs and even sitting or lying. Mild osteoarthritis can be treated with conservative methods but from moderate to severe stages surgery is often recommended option.
Osteotomy is cutting and alignment of the bone that allow to balance pressure in the knee joint and get rid of pain. The procedure is normally recommended for patients from mild to moderate degree of the disease, especially for those who have the joint affected only from one side and who are too young to have total knee replacement. It helps to support natural function of knee joint and increase its lifespan. Sometimes reshaping and shifting of the bone helps delaying replacement surgery for years.
When your knee joint severe worn out, you have persistent pain and traditional treatment is not effective you may need total or partial knee replacement. Knee replacement surgery is a leader among replacement surgeries worldwide. Modern technologies allow replacing your degenerative joint with implant of your choice that gives immediate relieve and significant symptom reducing.
Some patients may need revision surgery, which as a rule require for replacing old prosthesis with new and modern one. In this case, it is necessary not only to change joint implants but also to clean everything around, especially, when patients have old metal prosthesis that gives debris.
Arthritis is not the only reason for restorative knee surgery, as many problems are caused with injuries and other damages such as permanent overloading of the joints as result of intense sportive exercises.
Torn ligament is a problem of athletes but also they can be result of any other accident. There are four ligaments around knee joint and all of them may need reconstructive surgery. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a most often candidate for the surgery which can be done both with classic surgery and minimally invasive methods.
Microfracture surgery is one of the modern methods to restore torn meniscus. Traditionally, damaged meniscus is cut but presently many surgeons in Germany apply a technique stimulating natural growth of cartilage. It is possible by drilling micro fractures in the bone that provoke build of new cartilage.
Minimally invasive orthopedic surgery or arthroscopy can be used almost for all possible kind of knee surgery including knee replacement side by side with traditional methods. Scope surgery is used both as diagnostics tool and treatment. Surgeon gets inside the joint via small incisions in the knee. One incision is used to introduce a camera which translates images to the monitor where the doctor can observe the operating field. Surgical tools are brought into another incision.
Arthroscopic knee surgery is used to repair torn meniscus or torn ligament, to align synovium (joint lining), to repair cartilage and clean the debris in the knee, to adjust kneecap, to remove cysts inside the knee (Baker’s cysts) and for knee replacement procedure.
Arthroscopic knee surgery has the following advantages:
- Shorter recovery time (patients could discharge from a hospital after 24 hours or even have surgery on out patient base)
- Better cosmetic result (smaller incisions)
- Less bleeding
- Lower risk of infections
The recovery period depends on method, kind of problem treated and patient’s health. The recovery after knee surgery is considered as quite easy, patients start working next day after total knee replacement, but in some cases of injuries it is not the same. In any case, it can take from few weeks till several months for complete rehabilitation. This time can be reduced by using minimally invasive technique.
- First days you should take simple measures to avoid complications
- You should start moving immediately after surgery (starting from moving in your bed and continuing walking)
- You will need crutches or other supporting devices for 1-10 days
- You should start exercising and increase load gradually
- You will need physiotherapy for weeks or even months after surgery
- You should observe yourself and report to your physician.
If you have question on surgery detail or wish to design your individual treatment in Germany please call via our service to the doctor of your choice. Fully qualified specialists will give you detailed information on procedures and surgery cost. Please apply via GMG. We give you simple solutions and reasonable prices.