Skin cancer is rather tricky. It can start from any spot or sore, itchy scar or other skin damage and look like something harmless but you should be vigilant. If you have any sores or ulcers that bleed or hurt for weeks, you should see a doctor as it could be cancer.
There are some conditions that may or may not to develop to skin cancer and it is worth knowing some skin problems predicting cancerous lesions.
Actinic keratosis. That is itchy patches often caused by sun and, for that reason, sometimes called solar keratosis.
Cutaneous horn is a form of actinic keratosis – a keratinized growth appearing on the sun exposed areas.
Actinic Cheilitis. That is a condition when the lips seem chapped that gives to this condition a name of ‘farmer’s lips’.
Unusual moles. Unusual means rough, big and of irregular shape.
Above skin abnormalities are not necessarily malignant but sometimes can transform into cancerous lesions. There are two main types of malignant skin disease: melanoma and non melanoma cancer and here you can find how to determine if you have one of them.
Among non melanoma types of cancerous diseases basal-cell carcinoma and squamous cell cancer are most common.
Basal-cell carcinoma is mostly happens on sun exposed areas of the body. It can have different appearance. Basal-cell carcinoma often looks like eczema or like scar tissue. It also could occur from inflamed ulcer. So it is important to pay attention for sores and ulcers that have not been healing for more than 3-4 weeks. In older people the face is the most affected part of the body. Basal-cell lesions rarely develop metastases.
Squamous cell carcinoma has origin in uncontrollable dividing of epithelial cells. It can develop as a lump or red patches. This type of cancer often is found on the head, face, and neck but, occasionally, it may appear on genital area. The rate of successful curing of squamous cell carcinoma is quite high as it is same like basal-cell cancer does not spread metastases very often.
Melanoma is the most dangerous kind of skin cancer as it tends developing metastases. Early it can show no symptoms but sometimes may sore or bleed. To detect melanoma timely please be attentive to below signs and symptoms.
New formations. Mostly melanoma starts as a new growth and, thus, first you have to look for any spots or molar type creations that have arisen from nothing.
Change of existing moles. Sometimes melanoma can develop based on existing moles or scars. It also might look like bruise. Check any suspicious changes of your nevi as color, size or shape change.
Where you have new grows. Mostly melanoma appears on the upper back. In women it often could be found on the legs. Rarer it can occur on the others spots.
Shape and size of the growth. If you have unknown recent growth please check if it has:
- Irregular shape
- Uneven edges
- Too big size (more than ¼ inch )
Surrounding area. If skin around the nevus is red, swollen or has other changes in pigmentation it might be a sign of melanoma.
Bleeding. If the growth keeps bleeding for a long time it is bad sign.
On latest stage of development melanoma could spread metastases but it is still difficult to determine. Among the most obvious symptoms you could name:
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Lumps and thickening under the skin
- Overall weakness
If melanoma detected in early stage it can be successfully removed by surgery without any complications, but in latest stages it is difficult for healing and could cause metastases in bones, liver and brain.
The risks of malignant skin disease increases with age and after 50 it is recommended to make regular checking for signs of the cancerous disease. It is possible to do this independently of with help of some of relative or a doctor.
You should put your close off and check your entire body with a mirror. For some of difficultly reachable area you can use a hand mirror or ask for help your partner or close people. Look attentively for above mentioned signs of new or changed growth. If you have any suspicions, see your doctor.
If you found any of above symptoms of abnormal growth on your skin it is strictly recommended to make an appointment with a dermatologist or with a specialist in field of skin cancer. Please consult with highly professional physicians of international class presented by GMG.
With GMG you can choose a doctor or clinic in few simple steps: checking, comparing, and applying. You have a wide range of options from making an appointment with a luminary at treating of skin cancer to having examination in multidisciplinary medical center in Germany. You only have to make a call and you will find your best doctor shortly. To find a way to healthy life is easy.