Leukemia is a cancer of the blood or bone marrow. It is characterized with overproducing of abnormal blood cells that rapidly grow and supplant normal blood cells activity.
There are different types of the disease depending on development speed and other factors:
- Acute and chronic leukemia based on how quickly disease develops
- Myeloid or lymphoid based on pathologic cells type
Combination of above characteristics gives a list of diagnosis as below:
- Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and Acute promeylocytic leukemia (APL)
- Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)
- Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) and Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML)
- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)
- Hairy cell leukemia
- Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML)
- Large granular lymphocytic leukemia (LGL leukemia)
Among that types of blood cancer there are a few that found mostly in children.
ALL is a common type of blood cancer which often affects kids under six years old. More than 2/3 of all the cases of childhood cancer are associated with ALL. Its pick happens in 2-3 years old. As it follows from the disease name ALL is related to white blood cells (lymphocytes) mutation. The name for the mutated cell is “blast”. As soon appeared, the blasts start developing in geometrical progression and do not leave enough space for normal cells. The disease is difficult to diagnose early as it, mostly, has unspecific symptoms that could be related to many children’s disorders.
The blasts spread results in decreasing of a number of all the types of normal blood cells including red cells, white cells and platelets. Depending on which kind is suppressed more, the symptoms could vary.
Among the first symptoms of leukemia you can find some that may indicate many other disorders:
- Loss of appetite
- Stomach pain
- Pain in chest and cough
Low red blood cells level (anemia) may be a cause of
- Paleness and fatigue
- Feeling cold
- Having frequent headache
- Sudden breath shortness
Low white blood cells count can be accompanied with the following symptoms
- Infections occur as the body loose protection which normally provided with normal white cells
- Persistent fever
Decreasing in pallets count causes
- Easy bruising
- Bleeding gum, sores
- Nose bleeds
If not treated, ALL develops fast and other signs of advanced stage appear:
- Pain in bones and joints caused by leukemia lesions
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, underarms, and groin that could pain
- Swelling in abdomen, increasing of liver and/or spleen
- Weight loss
- Nausea and vomiting
AML is a second common type of blood cancer in children. Another name of the disease is acute non-lymphocytic leukemia in which granulocytes are increased significantly and bone marrow cells development is blocked in early stage.
The most of symptoms of AML in children are similar to those relevant to ALL but there are also some specific:
- Eczema or rash
- Petechiae (small dark spots under the skin)
- Lump around the eyes of blue-green color
- Blue or purple painless lumps around the body
Chronic myeloid leukemia is rarer in children than above types, it accounts for about 5% of all childhood cancers. It happens in smaller children below 1 year and in teenagers and is caused by damage in gene structure. CML does not have the specific symptoms different from other kinds of blood cancer and you cannot determine it without help of oncology professionals in field of blood and bone marrow cancer.
Using GMG service you have possibility to ask how to cope with leukemia in children any of highly professional physicians presented on our site as well as to apply for consultation, diagnostic, and treatment in German cancer center of your choice.
Childhood leukemia is serious challenge to family and it is required joint efforts of the parents, medical personnel and environment. Pediatric cancer centers in Germany have not only appropriate technical conditions and professional base for treatment but also psychological support services. You will have all the explanations in your own language and receive complete guide to leukemia in children.
You should not feel desperate if your child was diagnosed with leukemia. In recent years the success in blood cancer curing is improved significantly and, currently, survival rate in children with ALL as high as 90% when timely treated. If you found any signs and symptoms in your child you have to contact a doctor for immediate examination and diagnosis of your child. The goal of GMG is to help you in finding the best clinic to help in overcoming disease. Apply online for appointment with a leukemia specialist.