Success of oncology disease treatment depends mostly on timely and quality diagnostics. It is not always easy to detect the initial localization of the process and it is even more difficult to suspect it at its first stages. Timely diagnosis and early treatment are highly important and allow maximizing your chances of success. Cancer treatment in Germany starts with the process of diagnostics.
To start treating cancer, it is necessary to diagnose the disease correctly. Modern technology and examination methods help a lot in that.
Radiographic examination allows detecting a new growth in cavitary organs; it mostly often focuses on pathology of gastrointestinal tract. It can be performed in combination with contrast study and angiography or bronchography.
In many countries mammography is not only a simple diagnostic method, but also a screening examination. It is performed with minimal exposure to radiation and allows detecting even the tiniest indurations in mammary gland which can be a sign of the development of pathologically malignant process.
Doppler ultrasound allows determining the placement and direction of pathologic growths, as well as defining blood supply level of a damaged organ, which is highly important for starting the adequate cancer treatment.
Isotopic scanning of all body structures (bone and soft tissues, organs) is conducted.
PET CT is a very important modern examination allowing to detect the development of a pathologic process, its localization and biological processes taking place in the new growth. It is of great importance for coordination of cancer treatment.
Laboratory examinations ranging from general blood tests to cancer-specific markers are also significant aspects of diagnostics.
Due to modern technologies and latest practices cancer treatment has become much more efficient and accessible. Many fatal oncology diseases have passed into the category of chronic pathological processes. In case the new growth can be eradicated and does not disseminate, the patient can be almost fully recovered. In any case, cancer treatment requires individual solutions because the process runs differently in each specific case.
Modern German clinics offer complex and combined cancer treatment. Some of the treatment techniques are the following:
Surgical treatment of cancer is used in 40% of cases. Surgical operation can be radical (eradication of the new growth within healthy tissues) or palliative (allows to alleviate the symptomatology, increases life span, but does not fully eliminate the pathological process).
Radiation therapy of cancer. Tumour cells are irradiated with gamma rays. This kind of irradiation destroys the new growth and does minimal damage to surrounding healthy tissues.
dication affecting tumour cells is used for chemotherapeutic cancer treatment. In some cases it is performed as a preparatory procedure for subsequent surgical treatment of cancer (diminishing the tumour down to operable size). It is also used after surgical operation or in combination with radiotherapy so as to detect and eliminate any hidden nidus of malignant process. During chemotherapy the body needs extensive pharmacologic support, as cancer treatment weakens it on the whole because of the powerful influence of chemotherapy medications. Another option is palliative chemotherapy which considerably improves the patient’s life quality and is highly important for cancer treatment.
Radiosurgical method of cancer treatment implies one-time irradiation of the tumour by high-ionization emission. As a result, the process of tumour development is stopped or inhibited.
Hormonal cancer treatment covers malignant processes which are closely connected with hormonal changes, such as pathology of mammary gland or prostate. In this case, hormonal or antihormonal medication is used for cancer treatment.
Immunologic method of cancer treatment takes into account immune reactions of human body aimed only at the new growth. This method stimulates the immune system so that it destroys pathologic cells. Based on this method, “smart” medication for cancer treatment has been created: it contains antibodies selectively destroying tumour cells only.
Transplantation of bone marrow or stem cells: autologous or allogenic transplantation; allogenic transplantation from unrelated donor, selected by histocompatibility; allogenic transplantation in case of partial match.
Advanced methods of cancer treatment available for German clinics allow improving life quality and prognosis for the run of the disease. Due to latest technologies, malignant tumour is no more a dooming prognosis; it is now a disease which you can successfully combat – this fact has been proved by thousands of medical cases.