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Androgenic hair loss in women is a disease of genetic origin. At the heart of genetic predisposition to hair loss in women is the action of the male hormone testosterone that converts into dihydrotestosterone(DHT) in hair follicles, which negatively affects the vessels supplying follicle cells with nutrients.
Bring to mind that the male hormone promotes the synthesis of proteins and the growth of muscle mass. In men, the amount of testosterone in the body is significantly greater than that in women, so the probability of genetic pathologies leading to synthesis of DHT, an aggressive form of testosterone that contributes to hair loss, is much higher in men. Female pattern alopecia is not so common, but, therefore,much more disturbing than male pattern hair loss. Androgenic alopecia causes significant harm to the psycho-emotional state of women, which considerably increases the importance of effective treatment of female pattern hair loss.
There are from 16 up to 90 thousand units of hair on the head of a woman. Each single hair has a hair bulb (a follicle) with the life up to 6 years. The process of hair loss is a completely natural phenomenon. The norm is when from 50 to 100 hairs fall out every day. This quantity is always timely replaced with new and healthy hair bulbs.
It is not easy to calculate how many hairs you lose daily, but there are some ways to find out the signs of baldness with the help of a local test. If you pull the ends of hair with fingers, in the area where alopecia is supposed to be, and after that there are more than five hairs between your fingers, then, most likely, you have excessive hair loss that may lead to baldness.
Even if you do not have any other signs of hair loss on your head, consult a trichologist. At an earlier stage of development, alopecia is treated easily and in a short time.
It is good to know, that the risks of androgenic alopecia in women are assessed through clinical tests in which of the following hormones levels are measured:
- Luteinizing hormone
- Follicle-stimulating hormone
Before going into details on the peculiarities of female hereditary alopecia, we will touch on the topic how to hide from the surrounding people the signs of the hair loss. After all, the results of effective treatment, objectively, are never reached immediately.
The short and pixie haircuts with a multidirectional crown are most optimal. Such haircuts will not only hide the thinning of hair, but also allow you to comfortably massage masks into your hair and other medicines to combat the signs of baldness.
According to statistics, over the past 5 years, the risk of androgenic alopecia in women has increased by 20%. Female hereditary alopecia rarely locates in a single area of the head and, often, develops in all directionsevenly.
In women, the rate of accumulation of dihydrotestosterone,as a rule, is lower than in men, and for this reason, signs of advanced hairthinning, such as parting and round bald spots are not foundbeforethe turn of 50 years.
Complete baldness in women does not happen often, so what is understood under female androgenic alopecia is a miniaturization of the hair follicles that leads to thinning and shortening of the hair.
Like the most of pathological changes in the body, female genetic baldness can be divided into a few successive stages.
Stage1. Hair becomes thinner, weaker and shorter.
Stage 2. You can observe a miniaturization of follicles. As a result, strands are falling and going thin.
Stage 3. Hair loss affects the frontal and parietal regions. Thick hair remains only in the edge areas.
Treatment of androgenic alopecia includes a professional examination by a trichologist, revealing underlying factors, and elimination of the causes of disease. Although female androgenic alopecia has the only one pattern of development, it can be caused by a number of factors, with some particularly dangerous among them, such as:
- Pituitary gland diseases
- Adrenal gland disorders
- Neoplasms leading to hormonal disorders
If any systemdisordersare identified, the patient may need additional examinations and receive treatment not from atrichologist, but doctors of other medical specializations.
If there are no severe disorders, thetrichologist may prescribe medications containing minoxidil. Drugs that block the production of 5-alpha-reductasein hair follicles are also popular. 5-alpha-reductaseis an enzyme involved in the process of converting testosterone into dihydrotestosterone believed to disruptproper nutrition of hair follicles.
Comprehensive treatment of androgenic baldness includes also a vitamin constituent based on an intake of vitamins of groups B6, B12, as well as iron and zinc.
In the trichological centers of Germany and Austria,not only an individual program for each patient to treat female androgenic alopecia is developed, but also is offered galvanic peeling, vacuum and manual massage, mesotherapy, microcurrent therapy, ionophoresis, and ultrasound phonophoresis.
When medication does not help, experts in the treatment of alopecia suggestrestoration of hair with seamless hair transplantation that excludes trauma to the scalp. For an appointment and examination in Germany, contact a doctor through the German Medical Group website. We will help you find your clinic!