The nature of endometriosis is still unclear, though, there several popular theories why it happens.
One of the named possible causes is retrograde menstruation, which is a condition when menstrual blood including particles of uterus lining (enfometrium) does not embed outside completely during menstruation but stay in reproductive organs (ovaries, fallopian tubes) and start growing into endometrial patches. It also can flow into abdominal via fallopian tubes and implant there. The only fault of this theory, it could not explain endometriosis in those women who had hysterectomy.
Another explanation is family history. If woman have any of female relatives as mother or sister diagnosed with such a condition the risk of endometriosis is higher.
It is also noticed that probability of disease also depends on ethnicity. While in African-Caribbean women the risk is lower, in Asian patients it opposite higher than in white women.
Cells of Endometrium in Blood and Lymph
It is not proved but some researches consider that cells of endometrium could permeate into blood and lymph and travel trough the body. It is maybe not very convincing but with this theory is possible to explain why rarely endometrial implants are found in such remote parts as brain or eye.
Another theory suggests that peritoneal cells could convert into endometrial tissues due to hormonal or immune factors.
It is considered that during such kinds of surgery as hysterectomy endometrial cells could transplant to the incision.
Immune System Disorders
It is believed that immune system problems could be a proper ground for development of endometriosis. Many women with the condition have low immunity.
Some scientists consider that among the possible reasons of endometriosis can be presence certain toxins in environment as dioxins affecting immune system. Currently, it is proved on animal but not certainly known about humans.
Among the other condition that could not be definitely proved as the cause of endometriosis but give evidence of accompanying factors you could name the following:
You could spend a lot of words explaining what is endometriosis – which is spreading of inner uterus lining outside the womb – but for those who have the disease, it could be named on one word – ‘pain’.
Severe pain accompanies you during your periods, when having sex; sometimes it could appear in the low back, bowel, bladder and rectum. But what is the nature of that pain which cause so much suffering to the woman.
The pain happens due to adhesions that appear in the spots of normal and implanted endometrial tissues. Growing, they cause tension giving pain which become especially severe during physical movement, e.g. while having sexual intercourse.
One of the common symptoms of endometriosis at advanced stages is abnormal bleeding. ‘Abnormal’ means different from cyclical menstrual bleeding in frequency and longitude. Here is some possible reasons for appearing of abnormal bleeding:
There is no any certain opinion what can cause endometrial cancer but some risks factors are know:
If you have permanent pelvic pain and cyclical abnormal bleeding you should see a doctor without delay as you, probably, have endometrial disease. In German gynecological clinics you will find everything for precise diagnostics and treatment with highly specialized professional. Pain is not normal living condition, book an appointment via GMG to find relieve.