During the gastroenterological diagnostics in Germany following test methods can be used, depending on patient's indications:
- modern laboratory test methods including immunoassays;
- functional tests;
- endoscopic methods of diagnostics including capsule endoscopy;
- ultrasound examination;
- X-ray examinations can also be utilized as additional methods if necessary;
- magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography, radiography, etc.
Nowadays capsule endoscopy is one of the most advanced methods that is used in gastroenterological diagnostics in Germany. With its help a specialist is able to examine in details the whole digestive tract, including the parts of the small intestine that are not accessible for other examination methods. In the course of the diagnostic the patient swallows a miniature camera which is surely protected by a capsule. The number of images per second can be adjusted depending on the movement speed of the camera inside the gastrointestinal tract.
The capsule endoscopy procedure should be used in the stomach megalgias of an unknown origin, long lasting anaemia, Crohn's disease, and pathologies of the small intestine that are characterized by malabsorption. Additionally using the capsule endoscopy it is possible to detect hidden bleedings, tumoral neoformations, parasitic and inflammatory diseases.
Gastroscopy in Germany is performed using the most modern endoscopic equipment fitted with a high definition camera. Using this method a gastroenterological diagnostics of upper parts of the digestive tract is performed. This method allows doctors to examine in detail all the parts of the esophagus and duodenum which is particularly important when searching for cankers.
When necessary tissue samples can be obtained during the procedure to perform a subsequent laboratory analysis. The test provides an opportunity to find bacterial colonies that cause gastritis, gastric ulcers, and atypical cells that indicate malignant processes in the gastrointestinal tract organs.
Colonoscopy is one of the most informative methods of gastroenterological diagnostics of the colon. Timely performed procedure makes it possible to detect a disease in the organ at an early stage, including cancer that progresses without evident clinical manifestations. Another reason to perform a colonoscopy are bleedings and pains of unknown origin, polyps of the colon. During the procedure a biopsy can also be performed.
Solid organs such as pancreas and liver are also parts of the digestive tract. Diagnostic sonography plays a particularly important role in their examination which can also be performed using contrast agent.
One of the innovative methods of gastroenterological diagnostics is the so called endoscopic ultrasound that implies the use of an endoscope equipped with an ultrasonic sensor. During the examination the doctor receives precise data about the pancreas, bile duct and has an opportunity to get the material for laboratory study. Additionally, using the endoscopic ultrasound the gastroenterological diagnostics of esophagus, stomach, and rectum can be carried out.
To perform an effective treatment the most sparing and effective methods are used:
- scaled endoscopy;
- inner and distant lithotripsy;
- different methods of resection of mucous membrane and neoplasms in different parts of the gastrointestinal tract;
- interventional removal of stones in pancreas and bile ducts;
- stenting and dilation, etc.
Gastroenterological diagnostics in Germany makes it possible to detect the most serious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract on the early stages, to develop optimal treatment tactics and to provide an adequate aftercare for the patient. The experience of specialists of the Culminasceum clinic makes it possible to cope with the most difficult cases in cooperation with surgery, radiology and other departments of the clinic.