Flat and elastic abdomen improves mood and add to self-confidence not only during summer time, but around the year. Many women suffer from weakening of abdominal wall that leads to formation of belly and “apron” from adipose tissue. If sports and diet are not enough to achieve the desirable abdomen form, abdominal lifting can become an efficient alternative.
Aims of abdominal lifting
During the procedure, excessive and sagging skin areas are removed, and the skin that’s left is stretched on connective tissues. This way, abdomen silhouette seems to be flatter and stiffer.
Abdominal lifting (abdominal plastics, or plastics of anterior abdominal wall) is usually recommended for patients after losing much extra weight, when stretched out abdominal wall has lost its elasticity, and the skin and subintegumental adipose tissue sag over the groin area. Adipose folds of fat that are left can be removed with the help of liposuction.
On the other side, a lot of unaesthetic skin areas stay after massive fat liposuction. They can be removed with the help of abdominal lifting. Therefore, liposuction and abdominal lifting perfectly combine together making abdominal shape more beautiful and slimmer.
Just like any other surgical procedure, abdominal plastics are connected with some risks. First and foremost, these are surgical risks, such as reaction to anesthesia, or infections. Besides, there are some risks typical of abdominal plastics, but these can be successfully controlled. In any case, it’s important to have the procedure performed by a highly qualified specialist of plastic and aesthetic surgery. The choice of a professional surgeon and scrutinous preparation for the operation together with post-surgery treatment can minimize the risks of abdominal lifting procedure.
Methods of abdominal lifting
Full abdominal lifting
One of the most widespread methods is full abdominal lifting that allows removing big amount of excessive skin and visible adipose “aprons” and improving the contour of abdominal zone. As a rule, this procedure is performed under general anesthesia.
First, a surgeon makes a wave-like cut above the groin area from one pelvic bone to another. The tissue around the navel is also removed. After then, the surgeon removes all subintegumental adipose tissue above the pubic line and along bikini area and lifts abdominal muscles. It allows strengthening abdominal wall and making the waist thinner. After that, the surgeon tightens some certain skin flap, removes excessive skin areas and places the navel on its new place.
As a rule, a surgeon selects a place for cut so that the new scar was minimally visible, or not visible under clothes. Depending on the cut form, a flat or slightly sharpened scar line is chosen. Women who prefer to show legs are recommended to have slightly sharpened scars.
Partial abdominal lifting
Patients who have excessive skin and minor excessive adipose tissues located mainly in the lower part of abdomen, are recommended partial abdominal lifting. In this case, cuts are considerably smaller, and there’s no need to remove the navel. A surgeon just tightens the tissue between the cut and the navel.
Endoscopic abdominal lifting
Minor operations used to lift abdominal muscles only can be used with endoscopy. In this case, non-surgical abdominal lifting is implied. However, such procedures are recommended in cases when there’s no need to remove excessive skin, and only abdomen protrudes. In case of “inner abdominal plastics”, two abdominal longitudinal muscles are stitched together via a tiny incision on the line of pubic hair growth. As a rule, this procedure can be performed without hospitalization.
Only preliminary diagnostics helps to define which treatment form is suitable in this or that case. Besides, patients can share their ideas and wishes. The methods and techniques of treatment are thoroughly discussed, and a doctor explains all possible risks and anticipated results before abdominal lifting.
Preparation to abdominal lifting
Prior to any surgery, it’s important to consult with the doctor and perform preliminary analyses and examinations. If you have any diseases, possible allergic reactions or individual intolerance of drugs, inform your doctor about it to avoid possible negative reaction. Since nicotine slows down wound healing, you need to stop smoking 2 weeks prior to abdominal lifting surgery.
Before the operation, a doctor measures excessive skin and adipose zones and marks them on patient’s body. As a rule, photographs of operated body parts are made to evaluate the results of operation when it’s finished. Besides, a special foundation garment is made beforehand to be worn after the procedure.
In general, if a patient has good overall physical state before abdominal lifting, it can minimize all possible surgical risks. It’s not recommended to lose weight 3-4 weeks before the operation, because it can affect metabolism and weaken the immune system. Besides, poorly balanced diet can provoke the symptoms of deficiency, and it slows down wound healing.
As a rule, abdominal plastic is performed in stationary conditions. If the operation is not extensive, and patient feels well, he or she can go home after two-three days. In case of more extensive surgeries, a patient can stay in the hospital for 5-8 days.
As a rule, abdominal lifting with changes of navel position and dragging of muscles is performed under general anesthesia. Minor correction that requires cutting of a few skin areas and subintegumental adipose tissue can be performed under general anesthesia by injection of anesthesia and fluids into the abdominal wall.
To endure normal blood flow to the skin, abdominal area is braced with a light compression pad or a simple elastic bandage. In a few days, a patient can wear a special foundation garment created specifically for the procedure. Depending on the complexity of abdominal lifting, it should be worn day and night from 3 to 6 weeks.
In 2-4 days, drainage tubes are removed, and in 2-3 weeks, stitches are removed, as well. Depending on the complexity of operation and doctor’s recommendations, it’s not allowed to perform physical exercise and practice heavy sports for at least 6 weeks after the procedure. However, it’s recommended to restore minimal physical activity as soon as possible to avoid development of thrombosis.
First results will be visible as soon as swelling reduces. However, scars will become flat and light in a few months only.
Possible complications after abdominal lifting
Abdominal lifting is an extensive aesthetic and surgical procedure that requires considerable invasion in patient’s body. As any other operation, it can cause different complications that can be controlled though.
In some cases, a small amount of wound secretion is emitted during or after operation. However, timely installation of drainage construction in abdomen helps to detect and eliminate these problems.
Besides, abdominal lifting can cause such complications as problems with blood flow and wound curing, and in rare cases, especially big scars form. However, these risks can be minimized with the help of a special compression pad. Loss of sensitivity during the first months after the operation is normal, and permanent sensitivity loss occurs rarely.
From aesthetic standpoint, abdominal lifting can be connected with such risks as mark development, asymmetry of contours, and ugly scars. However, these problems can be simply fixed with a secondary operation. Following doctor’s recommendations strictly before and after the surgery, a patient can avoid complications in the future.