Pulmonology in Germany specializes in the research and diagnosis of diseases of the lungs and respiratory tract. Pulmonology in Germany focuses on the following main areas: Thoracic surgery, respiratory disorders, tuberculosis and thorax tumors.
German clinics perform treatment of almost all pulmonological diseases associated with the control of breathing, the dysfunction of gaseous exchange between the blood and exhaled air, the functional activities of the lower respiratory tract, pulmonary tissues and pleural cavity.
The main focus areas of pulmonology in Germany:
There is a huge number of diseases of respiratory organs, the majority of them leave no trace after special treatment (lung infarction, cystic fibrosis, pulmonary embolism, pneumonia, tracheobronchitis, etc.). At the same time German specialists with vast experience are, for example, unable to completely cure chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. If a patient suffers from a complex disease of the lungs or esophagus, which is impossible to diagnose and especially to cure without surgical intervention, proven methods of thoracic surgery are able to help the specialists. One of these methods is the video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, or VATS.
VATS in the area of pulmonology in Germany counts as a minimally invasive surgery, which can be used only on the early stages of lung cancer. The whole operation is carried out through three small incisions 2-3 centimeters in length, though one of which a mini-camera is introduced. Using it a surgeon can visualize any part of the thorax. A pouch for removed tissues is used to carefully extract malignant nodules from the lungs. After this surgery the patient recovers rather quickly without experiencing much pain.
The most accurate method of diagnosing this dangerous disease used in pulmonology is the polymerase chain reaction technique (sputum examination). Together with it German doctors use following endoscopy based methods: tracheobronchoscopy (tuberculosis treatment with the use of bronchoscope), thoracoscopy (examination with the use of thoracoscope), transbronchial biopsy (in the case of detected pathologies of the bronchi), therapeutic bronchoscopy or bronchoscopic lavage (sampling of lavage fluid during bronchoscopy) and pleural puncture. Together with these modern methods for diagnosing tuberculosis, following traditional techniques are used: Tomography and radiography. After the correct diagnosis was established, pulmonologists prescribe drug treatment, however, in advanced forms of tuberculosis only surgical intervention in conjunction with chemotherapy and medications can be effective.